Influence of air-particle deposition protocols on the surface topography and adhesion of resin cement to zirconia
Data de publicação2014-07-01
Direito de acesso
MetadadosExibir registro completo
Objectives: This study evaluated the influence of air-particle abrasion protocols on the surface roughness (SR) of zirconia and the shear bond strength (SBS) of dual-polymerized resin cement to this ceramic. Materials and methods. Sintered zirconia blocks (n = 115) (Lava, 3M ESPE) were embedded in acrylic resin and polished. The specimens were divided according to the 'particle type' (Al: 110 mu m Al2O3; Si: 110 mu m SiO2) and 'pressure' factors (2.5 or 3.5 bar) (n = 3 per group): (a) Control (no air-abrasion); (b) Al2.5; (c) Si2.5; (d) Al3.5; (e) Si3.5. SR (Ra) was measured 3-times from each specimen after 20 s of air-abrasion (distance: 10 mm) using a digital optical profilometer. Surface topography was evaluated under SEM analyses. For the SBS test, 'particle type', 'pressure' and 'thermocycling' (TC) factors were considered (n = 10; n = 10 per group): Control (no air-abrasion); Al2.5; Si2.5; Al3.5; Si3.5; Control(TC); Al2.5(TC); Si2.5(TC); Al3.5(TC); Si3.5(TC). After silane application, resin cement (Panavia F2.0) was bonded and polymerized. Specimens were thermocycled (6.000 cycles, 5-55 degrees C) and subjected to SBS (1 mm/min). Data were analyzed using ANOVA, Tukey's and Dunnett tests (5%). Results. 'Particle' (p = 0.0001) and 'pressure' (p = 0.0001) factors significantly affected the SR. All protocols significantly increased the SR (Al2.5: 0.45 +/- 0.02; Si2.5: 0.39 +/- 0.01; Al3.5: 0.80 +/- 0.01; Si3.5: 0.64 +/- 0.01 mu m) compared to the control group (0.16 +/- 0.01 mu m). For SBS, only 'particle' factor significantly affected the results (p = 0.015). The SiO2 groups presented significantly higher SBS results than Al2O3 (Al2.5: 4.78 +/- 1.86; Si2.5: 7.17 +/- 2.62; Al3.5: 4.97 +/- 3.74; Si3.5: 9.14 +/- 4.09 MPa) and the control group (3.67 +/- 3.0 MPa). All TC specimens presented spontaneous debondings. SEM analysis showed that Al2O3 created damage in zirconia in the form of grooves, different from those observed with SiO2 groups. Conclusions. Air-abrasion with 110 mu m Al2O3 resulted in higher roughness, but air-abrasion protocols with SiO2 promoted better adhesion.