Navegando Artigos - Economia, Sociologia e Tecnologia - FCA por Campus "Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp), Faculdade de Ciências e Engenharia, Tupã"
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ItemTrabalho apresentado em eventoAnálise da evolução do custo da cesta básica no município de Tupã(Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp), 2007) Lourenzani, Wagner Luiz [UNESP]; Simon, Elias José [UNESP]; Sesma, Lauro [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp) ItemArtigoAnálise do perfil dos produtores rurais de Pracinha-SP e a representatividade da pecuária na composição da renda(2010) Mochiuti, Julianna Coracini [UNESP]; Pinto, Leonardo de Barros [UNESP]; Oliveira, Sandra Cristina de [UNESP]; Santos, Gabriela Dezan dos [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)The family farm has stood out on matters related to the development of Brazil, due to their socioeconomic importance. Seek alternatives that enable increased income in this action is paramount. In order to meet the needs of the family originate from combinations of agricultural activities or nonfarm that help in obtaining various forms of income generation. Note that the multi-activity is present in the logic of reproduction of many production systems. Therefore, it appears that the profitability of farm operations is determined as much by the characteristics and agricultural activities developed, for activities and non-agricultural incomes, the latter increasingly present in the new scenario of agriculture. The study aimed to characterize the farms of PracinhaSP, the profile analysis of producers or persons responsible for these, as well as the composition of income and the importance of beef cattle and dairy farmers for the municipality. The municipality of Pracinha has 71 farms, with over 70% of them below the 50 hectares (SAA / CATI / IEA, 2009), the economy is geared mainly to agriculture and temporary services. It was found that 48% of owners are aged over 60 years and 81.5%, 86% of the intended areas available for grazing, indicating the strong presence of livestock (mainly cutting), aggravated, since the same demand little manpower. Approximately 4% of farmers depend solely on agricultural income and 30% have more than half of the income therefrom. ItemArtigoEstudo sobre a composição da renda e a lógica de funcionamento dos sistemas de produção agropecuários em Tupã-SP(2011) Mochiuti, Julianna Coracini [UNESP]; Pinto, Leonardo de Barros [UNESP]; Oliveira, Sandra Cristina de [UNESP]; Magalhães, Marcelo Marques de [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)The Alta Paulista region, in the west of São Paulo, has agriculture as its main economic activity. Farmers in this region adopt multiple alternative income generation activities involving agricultural and nonagricultural. This study analyzed the composition of income in rural settlements in this region, the diversity and the logic of reproduction of production systems employed, especially in Tupa-SP. For this purpose, was used as a methodological support multiple linear regression and then to understand the logic of operation of agricultural holdings, we used methods from Diagnostic Systems Land (DSA). Statistical analysis (linear regression) pointed out the factors that positively and negatively interfered with the composition of the total gross income (RBT), highlighting the use of grazing areas for reform. The logic of the typology and the operation of production systems (through DSA), it was noted that livestock is the strategy most commonly used capital reproduction and presence of temporary crops, in most cases, they were focused on implanting and reform pastures. ItemArtigoPromoção do uso de aquecedor solar de água de baixo custo para as populações rural e urbana de baixa renda da região da alta paulista(2013) Gabriel Filho, Luís Roberto Almeida [UNESP]; Putti, Fernando Ferrari [UNESP]; Cremasco, Camila Pires; Pereira, Danilo Florentino [UNESP]; Pinto, Leonardo de Barros [UNESP]; Santos, Maicy Andrade dos [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)Solar heaters are an appropriate technology for tropical and subtropical climate to warm bath water through the energy from the sunlight. The development of conventional solar heaters is in the market and its acceptance is still low due to high cost. However, low-cost solar heaters have been developed in recent years for the care of a potential consumer demand, which in addition to using a renewable energy provides significant reductions in energy consumption. Environmental issue has highlighted towards current world problems. Our project proposal is to promote the construction of solar water heater based on the technique developed in Santa Catarina by José Alcino Alano, 2004 NGO Super Ecology prize winner, sponsored by Super Interessante magazine. They are built by using recyclable materials such as PET bottles and long life milk cartons reducing costs and using "junk" in order to produce thermal energy. This equipment has been patented with the intention that there would be exploited by companies for profit, and its design is of public domain. The objective of this study is to analyze the profile of potential users of solar water heaters at low cost. Thus, lectures and practical activities for rural and local low-income communities were performed in order to show how to build effective heating systems with recyclable materials and install them in the houses and show its economic feasibility as well as thermal comfort afforded and benefits to environment generated by the system, providing a free guide to building the system.