Identification of Candida Spp. In Patients with Denture Stomatitis: Relationship with Gender, Age, Time of Denture use and Newton’s Classification
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Epidemiological researches are important to understand the distribution and etiology of oral diseases. The actual researches that show the relationship between patient ages, denture status and denture stomatitis are scarce. So, the aim of this study was to identify of Candida spp. in patients with Denture Stomatitis (DS) and to correlate with gender, age, time of denture use and Newton’s classification. 204 complete denture patients (46 males and 158 females) were selected. DS was classified according to Newton’s classification and it was related to gender, age and time of denture use. Samples from the palatal mucosa and the surface of the upper denture of patients with DS were evaluated using PCR test for identification of Candida species. T-test, chisquare and Fisher’s exact tests were used for statistical analysis. DS was evidenced in 54.4% of the sample. According to gender 41.3% of the males and 58.3% females had the disease and the differences were statistically significant (p = 0.032). The type of DS was directly influenced by the time of denture use (p<0.001), but it was not signiﬁcantly related to the age of the participants (p>0.05). C. albicans, C. tropicalis, C. glabrata, C. krusei and C. dubliniensis were identified by PCR test. DS is more prevalent in women and the prevalence of DS was influenced by the time of denture use (years). C. albicans was identified as the most frequent specie in patients with DS.