The genetics of hypertension modifies the renal cell replication response induced by experimental diabetes
MetadataShow full item record
To investigate whether the genetics of hypertension modifies renal cell responses in experimental diabetes, we studied the renal cell replication and its regulation by two cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) inhibitors, p27(Kip1) and p21(Cip1), in prehypertensive spontaneously hypertensive rats (SUR) and their genetically normotensive counterparts, Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats, with and without streptozotocin-induced diabetes. In diabetic SIIR, the number of proliferating glomerular (0.6 +/- 0.3 positive cells/50 glomeruli) and tubulointerstitial (2.8 +/- 0.6 positive tubulointerstitial cells/50 grid fields) cells assessed by the bromodeoxyuridine technique was significantly (P = 0.0002) lower than in control SIIR (13.2 +/- 1.7 and 48.6 +/- 9.7, respectively) and control (14.0 +/- 1.8 and 63.9 +/- 10.6) and diabetic (14.3 +/- 3.5 and 66.4 +/- 11.5) WKY rats. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen, another marker of cell proliferation, was significantly reduced in replicating glomerular (P = 0.0002) and tubulointerstitial (P < 0.0001) cells in diabetic SHR. In freshly isolated glomeruli, the level of p27(Kip1) detected by Western blotting was significantly higher In diabetic SIIR than in nondiabetic SHR (1.52 +/- 0.14 vs. 1.00 +/- 0.10% of control, P = 0.014). The expression of p21(Cip1) in isolated glomeruli did not differ among the groups of rats. In conclusion, the response of renal cell replication to diabetes differs markedly between prehypertensive SIIR and their WKY control rats. The decreased glomerular cell proliferation in prehypertensive diabetic SIIR is at least partly mediated by a higher expression of the Cdk inhibitor p27(Kip1).