THE E-CARE DA HIPERTENSAO PORTAL: A BLENDED ELEARNING PROPOSAL FOR HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS
MetadataShow full item record
Introduction: Hypertension can cause functional and structural changes in organs such as the brain, heart, blood vessels and kidneys if not treated properly and correctly. In this perspective, the use of educational technologies can be a tool to promote a teaching-learning process through Blended E-Learning (teaching classroom associated with the virtual learning environment E-Care of Hipertension). Objective: To describe the use of E-Care of Hipertension in the Blended E-Learning modality to hypertensive patients. Method: A descriptive study composed of 14 patients using the digital educational resource E-Care of Hipertension every 20 days for 4 months (120 days). At each nursing appointment, blood pressure, weight, waistcircumference and portal access was ratified with the presence of the nurse together with the patient, thus promoting embracement, reflections and contextualization about the content approached. Seven nursing appointments were carried out in each of the 6 modules provided for the E-Care of Hipertension; each module was assisted by accessing the moodle platform with Sansung10.1 tablet for the use of wi-fi under the guidance of the nurse. At the end of each module the knowledge test was applied with questions referring to the content assisted in each module, and the alternatives for each question were the following statements: The answer is right because I already knew it, The answer is right because I have learned it in the appointments or I do not know why I did not learn it. The Interactive Learning Objects (ILOs) were made available in HTLM5, configured by the Department of Telemedicine of the School of Medicine of the University of Sao Paulo. The research was conducted from December 2014 to March 2017, approved by the Ethics Committee of Heart Institution of the School of Medicine of Sao Paulo University. Results: The predominant demographic characteristic of this study were male (8 - 57%), black (6 - 42%), Catholic (10 - 72%), married (64%) individuals. Regarding schooling, six patients (43%) had completedhigh school, and the mean age was 53 +/- 10 years. Regarding the data presented for the anthropometric variables (14 patients) at the beginning of the study and at the end of it, 120 days, the population presented statistical difference for waist circumference when comparing the beginning of follow-up and the final study period (99,61 +/- 10 vs. 99.69 +/- 8cm; p = 0.006). Regarding the knowledgetest regarding the use of the E-Care of Hypertension, it can be noted that the overall performance of patients' answers was around 83.78%, which proves that it was satisfactory and as most patients chose the option that contained the expression I was right because I have learned it in the appointments. This new modality of intervention inaugurates a new scenario and perspective for the improvement of therapeutic adherence, and this resource can be used to raise patients' awareness and to promote the improvement of healthy habits. Conclusion: The present study showed that the use of hybrid educational technology promotes improvements and can be an alternative to be improved as an educational technological tool.