Effects of functional training on geometric indices of heart rate variability
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Background: Geometric methods provide an analysis of autonomic modulation using the geometric properties of the resulting pattern, and represent an interesting tool in the analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of functional training on cardiac autonomic modulation in healthy young women using the geometric indices of HRV. Methods: Data were analyzed from 29 women, and were stratified into a functional training group (FTG, n = 13; 23.00 +/- 2.51 years; 21.90 +/- 2.82 kg/m(2)) and a control group (CG, n = 16; 20.56 +/- 1.03 years; 22.12 +/- 3.86 kg/m(2)). The FTG received periodized functional training for 12 weeks. The cardiac autonomic modulation of both groups was evaluated before and after this training, and a qualitative analysis was performed using the Poincare plot. Results: There was a significant increase in the difference of the triangular index (RRTri), SD1, SD2, and RR intervals in the FTG as compared to the CG, and the qualitative analysis from the Poincare plot showed an increase in the dispersion of beat-to-beat and long-term RR intervals in the functional group after training. No changes were observed in the triangular interpolation of RR interval histogram (TINN) or SD1/SD2. Conclusion: Functional training had a beneficial impact on autonomic modulation, as characterized by increased parasympathetic activity and overall variability, thus highlighting the clinical usefulness of this type of training. (C) 2016 Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Shanghai University of Sport.
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