Design of PSS and TCSC Damping Controller Using Particle Swarm Optimization
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In this paper, we propose a methodology to tune power system stabilizers and thyristor-controlled series capacitor damping controllers simultaneously. The particle swarm optimization algorithm is incorporated into a power system model to tune the parameters of supplementary damping controllers. A test power system of 10 generators, 39 buses and 46 transmission lines is simulated to validate the use of this optimization algorithm. The tuning of supplementary damping controllers using the proposed methodology increases their performance to provide additional damping to low-frequency oscillation modes in the simulated power system. The controller position is determined by the participation factors (power system stabilizers) and the distance between the interest pole and the zero of the open-loop transfer function of the power oscillation damping controller (thyristor-controlled series capacitor-power oscillation damping). The results show the operating efficiency of the power system after using the optimization technique to tune damping parameters, thereby improving power system integrity. The power sensitivity model is used for the simulations presented in this work focusing on the analysis small-signal stability.