The universal rotation curve of dwarf disc galaxies
Data de publicação2017-01-01
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We use the concept of the spiral rotation curves universality to investigate the luminous and dark matter properties of the dwarf disc galaxies in the local volume (size ~11 Mpc). Our sample includes 36 objects with rotation curves carefully selected from the literature. We find that, despite the large variations of our sample in luminosities (~2 of dex), the rotation curves in specifically normalized units, look all alike and lead to the lower mass version of the universal rotation curve of spiral galaxies found in Persic et al. We mass model the double normalized universal rotation curve V(R/Ropt)/Vopt of dwarf disc galaxies: the results show that these systems are totally dominated by dark matter whose density shows a core size between 2 and 3 stellar disc scalelengths. Similar to galaxies of different Hubble types and luminosities, the core radius r0 and the central density ρ0 of the dark matter halo of these objects are related by ρ0r0 ~ 100M⊙ pc-2. The structural properties of the dark and luminous matter emerge very well correlated. In addition, to describe these relations, we need to introduce a new parameter, measuring the compactness of light distribution of a (dwarf) disc galaxy. These structural properties also indicate that there is no evidence of abrupt decline at the faint end of the baryonic to halo mass relation. Finally, we find that the distributions of the stellar disc and its dark matter halo are closely related.
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