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dc.contributor.authorRibeiro, Márcio G. [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorJúnior, Geraldo de Nardi
dc.contributor.authorMegid, Jane
dc.contributor.authorFranco, Marília M.J.
dc.contributor.authorGuerra, Simony T.
dc.contributor.authorPortilho, Fábio V.R.
dc.contributor.authorRodrigues, Sérgio A. [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorPaes, Antonio C. [UNESP]
dc.identifier.citationPesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira, v. 38, n. 2, p. 285-293, 2018.
dc.description.abstractTetanus is characterized by high case fatality rates in horses. Comprehensive case series studies involving equine tetanus from different geographic areas enable the evaluation of prognosis, efficacy of treatment, and control measures. We retrospectively investigated some selected epidemiological data (breed, age, gender, use of the horses, history of vaccination, seasonality, presence of wound/history of surgical procedures, clinical outcomes) and main clinical aspects (clinical signs, incubation period, length of hospitalization, and period between onset signs and hospitalization) in 70 cases of equine tetanus over 1990-2015, with emphasis in the association between these data and the clinical outcomes. High mortality rate (72.9%) was observed in this study. Forty (57.1%) horses presented history of wounds or surgical procedures related with tetanus, represented mainly by lesions in the hind limbs (42.5%), front limbs (15.0%), umbilical infections (7.1%), castration (4.3%), and face wounds (4.3%). Hyperesthesia, limb spasticity, cervical stiffness, tetanic spasms, and restriction of jaw movement were the main consistent clinical signs. Besides no statistical association, all the horses with umbilical infections, wounds in face, prolonged recumbency, sweating, dysphagia/aphagia died, and together with delay between onset of first clinical signs and prompt veterinary assistance ( < 5 days) were considered indicative of poor prognosis; whereas there was a significant association (p=0.001) between survival and length of hospitalization > 7 days, seemed as an evidence of good prognosis. The high mortality rate of tetanus, even in horses under specific treatment, highlight the need for early diagnosis, prompt veterinary assistance, and establishment of prophylatic measures in equine farms.en
dc.relation.ispartofPesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira
dc.subjectClinical signs
dc.subjectClostridium tetani
dc.subjectEpidemiological data
dc.titleTetanus in horses: An overview of 70 casesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
dc.contributor.institutionFaculdade de Tecnologia (FATEC)
dc.description.affiliationDepartamento de Higiene Veterinária e Saúde Pública Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia Universidade Estadual Paulista 'Júlio de Mesquita Filho' (Unesp), Cx. Postal 560
dc.description.affiliationFaculdade de Tecnologia (FATEC), Av. José ítalo Bacchi s/n.
dc.description.affiliationDepartamento de Biotecnologia e Bioprocessos Faculdade de Agronomia Unesp
dc.description.affiliationUnespDepartamento de Higiene Veterinária e Saúde Pública Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia Universidade Estadual Paulista 'Júlio de Mesquita Filho' (Unesp), Cx. Postal 560
dc.description.affiliationUnespDepartamento de Biotecnologia e Bioprocessos Faculdade de Agronomia Unesp
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