Cholesterol modulates curcumin partitioning and membrane effects
MetadataShow full item record
Curcumin, a polyphenol molecule, presents a wide range of biological activities as antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and wound healing. Although some strengths attributed to curcumin derive from promiscuous biological activity, possibly because curcumin can interfere on many membrane located processes, knowledge of underlying interactions are lacking. Mammalian cell membranes characteristically contain 25 to 50% cholesterol/phospholipid ratio; however, most studies involving lipid bilayers and curcumin consider pure phosphatidylcholine and compare effects of curcumin on membranes with those of cholesterol. We investigated the interaction of curcumin with lipid bilayers containing cholesterol mimicking mammalian cells, and used spectroscopy techniques to determine partition coefficients, rigidity parameters and lytic activity. We found that curcumin partitions into different lipid bilayers (104 order coefficients that vary by less than a factor of two), containing cholesterol or not, and in the presence of sphingomyelin or phosphatidylserine. Curcumin decreases rigidity in all tested compositions, except that containing 40% cholesterol in which it increases the lipid packing order. In addition, curcumin induces leakage from giant unilamellar vesicles on a cholesterol concentration dependent way. Our results are compatible with the hypothesis of curcumin interaction with membranes being modulated by the liquid disordered phase and by the coexistence of liquid-ordered/liquid disordered phases. In bilayers containing cholesterol, curcumin assumes a more superficial location, drastically stiffens the 40% cholesterol bilayer and decreases the lytic effect. Our study may help researchers in the analysis of the biological effects of curcumin and curcumin-derived formulations by calling the attention to the discriminating role of the cholesterol content.
How to cite this document
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Gazola, Rodrigo José Cristiano ; Mazotti, Adriano César ; Molero, Camila Schimite ; Mendes, Carolina Borghi ; Mello, Denise Fernandes de ; Marques, Emilia de Mendonça Rosa ; Talamoni, Jandira Liria Biscalquini ; Silva, José Humberto Dias da et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Pontes, Sueli Rodrigues ; Almeida, Djanira Soares de Oliveira e ; Godoy, Kathya Maria Ayres de ; Rosa, Claudia de Souza ; Nunes, Julianus Araújo ; Salvador, Sérgio Azevedo ; David, Célia Maria ; Vilche Peña, Angel Fidel et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Spazziani, Maria de Lourdes ; Mendonça, Sueli Guadelupe de Lima ; Rubo, Elisabete Aparecida Andrello ; Villarreal, Dalva Maria de Oliveira ; Duarte, Camila ; Okamoto, Mary Yoko ; Souza, Thais R. ; Garms, Gilza Maria Zauhy ; Marin, Fátima Aparecida Dias Gomes et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2012) [Livro]