Considerações sobre os valores máximos permitidos (VMP) de E. coli em águas cinza, visando ao reúso por meio de avaliação quantitativa de riscos microbiológicos (AQRM)
Alternative titleConsiderations on the maximum permitted values (VMP) of E. coli for grey water reuse by means of quantitative risk assessment of microbiology (QRMA)
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The current study had the objective to apply the tool of quantitative microbiological risk assessment (QMRA) to evaluate the reuse of greywater in order to define a range of maximum value allowed (MVA) to Escherichia coli by means of the concept of acceptable risk 10-3 and 10-6 per person per year (pppy), for the various purposes of reuse. For that, the following criteria were evaluated: the exposure, the dose-response and the probability of infection for different purposes of reuse. The Beta-Poisson model was used to assess the probability of infection. The input data for QMRA were evaluated from a systematic compilation of literature data. The greatest risks of infection resulted from food crops and balneability in mixed greywaters, resulting in MVA from 5.25 to 105 MPN/100 mL and from 3.95 to 39.5 MPN/100 mL respectively, to an acceptable risk of 10-3 and 0.00 to 0.10 NMP/100 mL and from 0.00 to 0.04 MPN/100 ml, simultaneously, to a risk of 10-6 pppy. Yet, the lowest risk of infection was due to the reuse of greywater from lavatories for washing floors, providing MVA from 21.4 × 101 to 2.14 × 103 MPN/100 mL to an acceptable risk of 10-3 and 0.71 to 14.3 MPN/100 ml, for a risk of 10-6 pppy. The QMRA with acceptable risk of 10-3 pppy has been a potential tool for the assessment of MVA in crude greywater aiming the reuse and the possibility of support in national policy decisions.