Deep Texture Features for Robust Face Spoofing Detection
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Biometric systems are quite common in our everyday life. Despite the higher difficulty to circumvent them, nowadays criminals are developing techniques to accurately simulate physical, physiological, and behavioral traits of valid users, process known as spoofing attack. In this context, robust countermeasure methods must be developed and integrated with the traditional biometric applications in order to prevent such frauds. Despite face being a promising trait due to its convenience and acceptability, face recognition systems can be easily fooled with common printed photographs. Most of state-of-the-art antispoofing techniques for face recognition applications extract handcrafted texture features from images, mainly based on the efficient local binary patterns (LBP) descriptor, to characterize them. However, recent results indicate that high-level (deep) features are more robust for such complex tasks. In this brief, a novel approach for face spoofing detection that extracts deep texture features from images by integrating the LBP descriptor to a modified convolutional neural network is proposed. Experiments on the NUAA spoofing database indicate that such deep neural network (called LBPnet) and an extended version of it (n-LBPnet) outperform other state-of-the-art techniques, presenting great results in terms of attack detection.