Homogeneous regions and sample size for attributes of the climate in Sao Paulo State, Brazil
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The purpose of this study was to separate homogeneous regions and to estimate the numbers of years necessary to evaluate the variables: sunshine, global solar radiation and photossintetically active radiation in Sao Paulo State. Monthly data of sunshine, solar radiation and photossintetically active radiation for 18 places in Sao Paulo State were used in the analysis. The homogeneity of the variances among the months for the 18 places (seasonal variability) and the homogeneity of variances among places in each month (spatial variability) were tested by the test of homogeneity of Bartlett. In addition, the sample size for each place was calculated during the year. The results show the existence of seasonal and spatial variability in the estimates of sunshine, solar radiation and photossintetieally active radiation for the 18 cities evaluated in Sao Paulo State. Moreover, the variability of the sample size for sunshine, solar radiation and photossintetically active radiation depend on the site and season of the year in Sao Paulo State.