Ichthyofauna from tributaries of Urubu and Amazonas rivers, Amazonas State, Brazil
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The Amazonas River basin comprises the world's highest fish species diversity. Anthropogenic interferences in aquatic environments represent a pressure over the maintenance of ecological stability and biodiversity. We inventoried the ichthyofauna of 13 disturbed/modified tributaries of Urubu and Amazonas rivers in the region of the middle Amazon River, between June 2018 and March 2019. A total of 164 species were captured, represented by 11 orders, 37 families and 96 genera. Characiformes was the richest order, followed by Cichliformes and Siluriformes. The most representative families in number of species were Cichlidae, Serrasalmidae, and Characidae. Hemigrammus levis was the most abundant species, and Acarichthys heckelii the most common, registered in all sampled sites. In the present study, species with economic interest were collected, as well as many species recently described and one still waiting for formal description, identified provisionally as Moenkhausia aff. colletii. Therefore, the high fish diversity registered, even in disturbed environments in Middle Amazonas River, denotes the makeable ecological importance of this region for fishes resources and supports the necessity of evaluation of other aquatic environments in the region, as well as the potential impacts on composition, maintenance, and survival of ichthyofauna in environments directly affected by human activities.