Effect of reduced water potential on seed germination of a forest tree: A hydrotime approach
Efeito da redução do potencial hídrico na germinação de sementes de uma árvore tropical: Uma abordagem do tempo hídrico
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Hydrotime (θH) models provide information on seed tolerance to low water potential and time to germination under different conditions. Here it was evaluated the capacity of graphic and probit model to describe germination parameters and germination times (t) in a tropical legume (Peltophorum dubium). Germination tests were conducted under reduced water potentials (polyethylene glycol solutions from 0 to-1.2 MPa) at 25 °C. Regression lines were applied to investigate the relationship between germination rates (1/t) and water potential for different germination percentages (fractions 10, 30, 50 and 70%). Those regressions were used in the graphic model to calculate θH (1/slope) and determine the base water potential (Ψb) as the point which the line intercepts the x-axis (G% = 0). In the probit model, germination percentages were transformed to probit units and plotted against Ψb-values to describe germination response under a single regression line. Values for θH varied from 1.8 to 2.0 MPa day in both models, and Ψb showed a normal distribution, as presupposed by the probit model. Predicted germination times (t10 and t50) mostly fell within observed times, thus showing biological relevance of the models to describe the effects of water potential on seed germination.