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dc.contributor.authorAlmeida, L. K.Y. [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorCarvalho, T. S. [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorBussaneli, D. G. [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorJeremias, F. [UNESP]
dc.identifier.citationEuropean Archives of Paediatric Dentistry.
dc.description.abstractObjective: This cross-sectional study evaluated the prevalence of tooth enamel defects and risk factors associated in primary dentition. Methods: A sample of 656 schoolchildren (population based), aged 4 years old, from Araraquara-SP (Brazil) was evaluated by two trained examiners according to the following indexes: Dental fluorosis (DF), deciduous molar hypomineralization (DMH), non-fluoride related developmental defects of enamel (DDE), tooth erosion and tooth attrition. Structured questionnaires identified socioeconomic condition, medical/dental history, behavior and dietary habits. Data were analyzed using Chi-square tests (p < 0.05). Results: Of the enamel congenital defects, DF was the most prevalent (6.1%, n = 40), followed by DMH (5.6%, n = 37). Of the acquired defects, attrition was the most prevalent (36.9%, n = 242), followed by erosion (2.4%, n = 16). The caries experience was similar between the affected children (29,5%; n = 94) and total sample (30.6%; n = 201). The etiological factors related to congenital defects were: not exclusively fed breast milk (p = 0.003) and jaundice at birth (p < 0.001); the association with acquired defects was found with vomiting frequent episodes (p = 0.037). Conclusion: The general prevalence of enamel defects in primary dentition in Araraquara was 48.6%. Enamel defects may be associated with health-related factors and current lifestyle.en
dc.relation.ispartofEuropean Archives of Paediatric Dentistry
dc.subjectEnamel defects
dc.subjectPediatric dentistry
dc.subjectPrimary Tooth
dc.subjectTooth enamel
dc.titleCongenital and acquired defects in enamel of primary teeth: prevalence, severity and risk factors in Brazilian childrenen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
dc.description.affiliationDepartment of Morphology Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry Araraquara School of Dentistry UNESP São Paulo State University, Rua Humaitá, 1680
dc.description.affiliationUnespDepartment of Morphology Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry Araraquara School of Dentistry UNESP São Paulo State University, Rua Humaitá, 1680
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