Elastocaloric-effect-induced adiabatic magnetization in paramagnetic salts due to the mutual interactions
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The temperature change under adiabatic stress, i.e., the elastocaloric effect, is a well-understood phenomenon and of particular interest due to its potential application in alternative ways for refrigeration. Here, we demonstrate that in the regime of low-temperatures (a few mK) real paramagnets can be magnetized when compressed adiabatically without applied magnetic field. Such adiabatic magnetization is a genuine many-body problem, stemming from the inherent dipolar mutual interactions between adjacent magnetic moments. We showcase experimental setups to carry out adiabatic magnetization and thus to access such a subtle effect. Perspectives of further investigations by controlling the mutual interactions in Bose–Einstein condensates in magnetic insulators and dipolar spin-ice systems via the adiabatic increase of temperature are also presented. Yet, we discuss the connection between the elastic Grüneisen parameter and the shift on the critical temperature of second-order phase transitions under adiabatic stress, as well as its connection with the Ehrenfest relation.