Growth-inhibitory effects of tris-(1,10-phenanthroline) iron (II) against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in vitro and in vivo
MetadataShow full item record
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the major etiological agent for tuberculosis (TB), which is the leading cause of single pathogen infection-related deaths worldwide. The End TB Strategy of the World Health Organization aimed to decrease the incidence of TB by 20% between 2015 and 2020, which was not achieved. Here, the growth-inhibitory effects of tris-(1,10-phenanthroline) iron (II) complex ([Fe(phen)3]2+), a known commercially available cheap chemical substance, were examined. The best in vitro results showed great activity with MIC ranging from 0.77 to 3.06 μM against clinical strains and at low pH (mimicking the granuloma) with MIC of 0.21 μM. Preliminary safety analysis revealed that the complex did not exhibit cytotoxic activity against different cell lines or mutagenic activity in vitro. The complex was orally bioavailable after 2 h of administration in vivo. Additionally, the results of the acute toxicity test revealed that the complex did not exert toxic effects in female BALB/c mice. The mechanism of action was performed using D29 mycobacteriophages where the treatment with different concentrations of the complex inhibited viral protein synthesis, which indicated that the anti-TB mechanisms of the complex involve protein synthesis inhibition. These findings suggested that [Fe(phen)3]2+ is a potential novel therapeutic for TB.
How to cite this document
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Gazola, Rodrigo José Cristiano ; Mazotti, Adriano César ; Molero, Camila Schimite ; Mendes, Carolina Borghi ; Mello, Denise Fernandes de ; Marques, Emilia de Mendonça Rosa ; Talamoni, Jandira Liria Biscalquini ; Silva, José Humberto Dias da et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Pontes, Sueli Rodrigues ; Almeida, Djanira Soares de Oliveira e ; Godoy, Kathya Maria Ayres de ; Rosa, Claudia de Souza ; Nunes, Julianus Araújo ; Salvador, Sérgio Azevedo ; David, Célia Maria ; Vilche Peña, Angel Fidel et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Spazziani, Maria de Lourdes ; Mendonça, Sueli Guadelupe de Lima ; Rubo, Elisabete Aparecida Andrello ; Villarreal, Dalva Maria de Oliveira ; Duarte, Camila ; Okamoto, Mary Yoko ; Souza, Thais R. ; Garms, Gilza Maria Zauhy ; Marin, Fátima Aparecida Dias Gomes et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2012) [Livro]