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dc.contributor.authorVega-Chacón, Yuliana [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorde Albuquerque, Maria Carolina [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorPavarina, Ana Cláudia [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorGoldman, Gustavo Henrique
dc.contributor.authorMima, Ewerton Garcia de Oliveira [UNESP]
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-25T11:10:06Z
dc.date.available2021-06-25T11:10:06Z
dc.date.issued2021-01-01
dc.identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21505594.2020.1868814
dc.identifier.citationVirulence, v. 12, n. 1, p. 231-243, 2021.
dc.identifier.issn2150-5608
dc.identifier.issn2150-5594
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11449/208309
dc.description.abstractThe emergence of resistance requires alternative methods to treat Candida albicans infections. We evaluated efficacy of the efflux pump inhibitor (EPI) verapamil (VER) with fluconazole (FLC) against FLC-resistant (CaR) and -susceptible C. albicans (CaS). The susceptibility of both strains to VER and FLC was determined, as well as the synergism of VER with FLC. Experiments were performed in vitro for planktonic cultures and biofilms and in vivo using Galleria mellonella. Larval survival and fungal recovery were evaluated after treatment with VER and FLC. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance and Kaplan-Meier tests. The combination of VER with FLC at sub-lethal concentrations reduced fungal growth. VER inhibited the efflux of rhodamine 123 and showed synergism with FLC against CaR. For biofilms, FLC and VER alone reduced fungal viability. The combination of VER with FLC at sub-lethal concentrations also reduced biofilm viability. In the in vivo assays, VER and FLC used alone or in combination increased the survival of larvae infected with CaR. Reduction of fungal recovery was observed only for larvae infected with CaR and treated with VER with FLC. VER reverted the FLC-resistance of C. albicans. Based on the results obtained, VER reverted the FLC-resistance of C. albicans and showed synergism with FLC against CaR. VER also increased the survival of G. mellonella infected with CaR and reduced the fungal recovery.en
dc.format.extent231-243
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofVirulence
dc.sourceScopus
dc.subjectCandida albicans
dc.subjectdrug resistance
dc.subjectGalleria mellonella
dc.subjectmembrane transport proteins
dc.subjectvirulence
dc.titleVerapamil inhibits efflux pumps in Candida albicans, exhibits synergism with fluconazole, and increases survival of Galleria mellonellaen
dc.typeArtigo
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)
dc.description.affiliationLaboratory of Applied Microbiology Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics São Paulo State University (UNESP) School of Dentistry
dc.description.affiliationFaculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
dc.description.affiliationUnespLaboratory of Applied Microbiology Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics São Paulo State University (UNESP) School of Dentistry
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/21505594.2020.1868814
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85099175905
unesp.author.orcid0000-0001-9370-4151[1]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0002-4468-2037[2]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0002-9231-1994[3]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0002-9575-7625[5]
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