Avaliação ecotoxicológica em piscicultura no parquet estadual da Serra do Mar-SP, Núcleo Itariru
Título alternativoEcotoxicological evaluation in aquaculture in state park Serra do Mar-SP, Nucleo Itariru
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The Center for Research and Production of Native Fishes of Peruíbe is installed within the Itariru core, Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar. This study aimed to evaluate possible risks of environmental pollution due to the production of fry of native species Deuterodon iguape, by means of ecotoxicological assays. Eleven water samples were collected, considering nurseries, water harvesting, river downstream and egg's incubator. Acute toxicity was assessed using tests with Daphnia similis, following ABNT NBR 12713/2005 protocol, and the results were analyzed by Student's t'test. Toxicity was detected only in the first two sectors from the farming system, suggesting the release of contaminants upstream, which were confirmed after interviews with local producers. However, farming tanks appeared to function as biological filters, due to the occurrence of physical, chemical and biological (microbial degradation) processes, producing non toxic effluents. We concluded that this fish farm do not represent a source of contamination. Moreover, toxicity tests seem to constitute a tool to evaluate environmental quality in aquaculture.