Exercise increases the phenylephrine effects in isolated portal vein of trained rats
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Physical exercise evokes an extensive circulatory redistribution. However, the influence of exercise upon the effects of sympathomimetic agonists in veins was not well studied. Thus, the present study aimed to determine whether a single bout of exercise modifies the effects of sympathomimetic agonists in veins and whether this exercise-induced modification may be altered by exercise training. The results have shown that the training did not change the responsiveness of the rat portal vein, but exposure of trained animals to a single bout of exercise enhanced the phenylephrine Rmax in these preparations. Such exercise-induced modifications of vascular response were territory-specific since similar modifications of response to phenylephrine were not observed in vena cava. Moreover, this exercise-induced augmentation of phenylephrine Rmax in the portal vein of trained rats was prevented by endothelium removal or in the presence of Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME), indomethacin, BQ-123 or BQ-788. In conclusion, these data indicate that the training adapted the rat portal vein to respond vigorously to sympathetic stimuli even when the animal is exposed to this exercise. This increased response to sympathetic stimuli appears to involve an enhancement of the vasocontractile influence of endothelin that supplants the modulation exerted by nitric oxide (NO) and vasodilator prostanoids. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.