Study of the Use of Piezoelectric Diaphragm as a Low-Cost Alternative to the Acoustic Emission Sensor in Dressing Operation of Aluminum Oxide Wheels
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Acoustic emission (AE) sensors have been widely used for tool condition monitoring in the grinding process. Recently, the piezoelectric diaphragm (piezoelectric buzzer) was introduced as a low-cost alternative for the same purpose. In this context, the present research work aims to study the efficiency of the piezoelectric diaphragm as a viable substitute to AE sensors in monitoring the dressing of structurally distinct aluminum oxide grinding wheels. Dressing tests were conducted using two industrial wheels, which were subjected to various dressing conditions. The signals generated by the AE and piezoelectric diaphragm sensors were collected simultaneously and subsequently analyzed in both time and frequency domains. The most relevant features related to the dressing were extracted through the following metrics: energy criterion, Pearson correlation coefficient, power spectral density (PSD), fast Fourier transform (FFT), and magnitude-squared coherence (MSC). Correlation greater than 80% was found between the piezoelectric diaphragm and AE sensor signals for determining the actual grinding wheel condition, which indicates the piezoelectric diaphragm as a viable alternative to the commercial AE sensors in dressing operation monitoring.