Interleukin 4 induces the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in eosinophils
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We investigated the effects of the Th-2-like cytokines IL-4 and IL-13 and of IL-10 on the induction of iNOS and NO production in rat eosinophils. Addition of mIL-4 to the eosinophil culture increased iNOS activity and nitrite production but did not improve the stimulatory effect of IFN-gamma and LPS. in contrast to eosinophils, addition of mIL-4 to macrophage cultures inhibited the iNOS expression and nitrite production induced by IFN-gamma plus LPS. Addition of mIL-13 to the eosinophil cultures did not significantly change iNOS activity and nitrite production in cells stimulated or not with IFN-gamma plus LPS. on the other hand, IL-13 inhibited iNOS activity in IFN-gamma plus LPS-stimulated macrophages. In the presence of IL-10, iNOS activity in non-stimulated eosinophil or macrophage cultures was not significantly altered, but the enzyme expression was inhibited in IFN-gamma plus LPS-stimulated eosinophils or macrophages. The production of nitrite by eosinophils stimulated by IFN-gamma plus LPS was inhibited by the presence of IL-10 in the medium. In conclusion, eosinophils might exhibit differential modulation of the L-arginine/iNOS pathway depending on the profile of Th-2 cytokines produced during allergic diseases. IL-4 appears to be an important Th2 cytokine involved in the induction of the L-arginine/iNOS pathway in eosinophils. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.