BIOSENSORS FOR GLUCOSE NEEDLE-SHAPED FOR IN-VIVO MONITORING
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Different procedures for obtaining a needle biosensor for the determination of glucose to be inserted subcutaneously in vivo, have been compared. Platinum wires with a diameter of 75 mum, teflon-coated were inserted in hypodermic needles and fixed with a two-component epoxy resin. Using a dip-coating procedure, several layers were deposited on electrodes. The first coating was cellulose acetate, the second was immobilized glucose oxidase (GOD) mixed with bovine serum albumin (BSA) and glutaraldheyde, the third coating was a polyurethane coating obtained with commercially available products. A large number of electrodes have been tried and statistically evaluated but they seem to be affected by poor reproducibility evidenced by a large spreading in successive calibration curves. Then, the polyurethane coating has been replaced by a thin polycarbonate membrane salinized and fixed on the tip of the needle. Reproducible results were achieved and first results of in vivo measurements on rabbits are reported.