Effects of G a3 dosis associated with organosilicone on sweet oranges in Brazil
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GA3 was tested in sweet oranges 'Pera' and 'Hamlin' for delay the picking time without loosening of fruit quality for processing. Hamlin is the firths cv processed in Brazil and Pera is a mid season cv and extending their period of processing is important. Two experiments were made at the Citrus Experimental Station during 1996 season. The treatments are 5 ppm of GA 3 + 0,05% Silwett L-77® (organosilicone), 10 ppm of GA 3 + 0,05% of Silwet L-77®, 20 ppm of GA3 + 0,1% Herbitensil® (Noniphenoloxietilate 40%m/v + isopropilic alcohol 15% m/v) and control, repeated 7 times for Hamlin and 8 times for Pera, with one tree each parcel. The treatments were applied in May 1996, at the stage of greenish yellow colour of the fruits. Evaluations were made each 20 days interval till the final picking, It was analysed fruit quality and retention force for picking and puncture resistance. The results showed no differences for fruit quality of Hamlin from July to mid September and for Pera till September. After some differences occurred. The GA3 treatments were effectives in maintain the fruit retention force for both cvs for 120 days after application. In relation to fruit puncture resistance the treatments with GA3 differed of the control for both cvs, accordingly with the doses and mixtures. The colour index was better maintained with 5ppm of GA3 plus 0,05% of Silwet L-77®. The total fruit production did not differ for both cultivars.