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dc.contributor.authorNovaes, José Luís Costa
dc.contributor.authorCarvalho, Edmir Daniel [UNESP]
dc.date.accessioned2014-05-27T11:26:50Z
dc.date.available2014-05-27T11:26:50Z
dc.date.issued2012-06-01
dc.identifierhttp://www.scielo.sa.cr/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-77442012000200017&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en
dc.identifier.citationRevista de Biologia Tropical, v. 60, n. 2, p. 721-734, 2012.
dc.identifier.issn0034-7744
dc.identifier.issn2215-2075
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11449/73365
dc.description.abstractNile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), which is exotic to South America, is the most common species caught in artisanal fisheries at the Barra Bonita Reservoir, Southeastern Brazil. This species is of great socioeconomic importance for the region and keeps active a population of about 500 fishers. In the present study we assess reproduction, food dynamics and level of exploitation of O. niloticus, caught by artisanal fisheries in the Barra Bonita Reservoir. Specimens were collected monthly, from July 2004-June 2005, and a total of 1 715 specimens were analyzed. Each specimen was examined to obtain biological and biometric data: standard length (cm), total weight (g), reproductive data (sex and stage of maturation), and stomach contents (empty, partly full, and full). We also estimated the sex ratio (by macroscopic observation of gonads), reproductive period (by ovarian development and seasonal average of gonadosomatic index in females), and feeding habits (by stomach contents). The possible relationship between abiotic factors and the reproductive period was statistically verified using Spearman's Rank Correlation. The FiSAT (ELEFAN I) package was used to assess growth parameters, mortality rates and to infer exploitation rate from standard length frequencies. The O. niloticus population had a sex ratio of 1.3:1 (M:F). Results indicated that ripe females were captured throughout the year, with a higher frequency during the winter-2004 (with a frequency of 59%, at a mean temperature of 20.5°C), and in spring-2004 (with a frequency of 60.5% at a mean temperature of 21.18°C). The GSI mean values obtained by season were: winter-2004: 1.71; spring-2004: 1.72; summer-2005: 0.80, and autumn-2005: 1.19. The Spearman correlation indicated positive values with respect to pH, dissolved oxygen, electric conductivity, transparency and chlorophyll a, and negative values with respect to temperature, accumulated rainfall and altimetric benchmark. The main food items were phytoplankton and periphytic algae, observed in 99.6% of the analyzed stomachs. The estimated growth and mortality parameters were: L∞=33.60cm, k=0.63/year, longevity= 4.76years, Z=2.81/ year, M=1.20/year and F=1.61/year. The weight-length relationship was Ln Wt=-2.8532+2.8835 Ln Lp. The estimated yield per recruit values were as follows: E=0.570, Emax=0.776, E0.1=0.604 and E0.5=0.349. These results indicate that a well established population of O. niloticus is present at Barra Bonita Reservoir; with an active reproduction throughout the year, more intense during winter and spring, and that O. niloticus is a phytoplanktophagus species. There were no indications that this species is being overfished, we therefore recommend that, due to its exotic condition, no restrictions need to be taken on its fishing activities.en
dc.format.extent721-734
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofRevista de Biologia Tropical
dc.sourceScopus
dc.subjectExotic species
dc.subjectFisheries
dc.subjectNile tilapia
dc.subjectOreochromis niloticus
dc.subjectStock
dc.subjectTietê river
dc.subjectalgae
dc.subjectCichlidae
dc.subjectPerciformes
dc.titleReproduction, food dynamics and exploitation level of Oreochromis niloticus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) from artisanal fisheries in Barra Bonita Reservoir, Brazilen
dc.typeArtigo
dcterms.licensehttp://www.scielo.sa.cr/revistas/rbt/paboutj.htm#copyright
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido (UFERSA)
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
dc.description.affiliationUniversidade Federal Rural do Semiárido Departamento de Ciências Animais, BR 110, km 47, s/n, Costa e Silva, Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte
dc.description.affiliationUniversidade Estadual Paulista Departamento de Morfologia, Distrito de Rubião Jr. s/n, Botucatu, São Paulo
dc.description.affiliationUnespUniversidade Estadual Paulista Departamento de Morfologia, Distrito de Rubião Jr. s/n, Botucatu, São Paulo
dc.identifier.scieloS0034-77442012000200017
dc.rights.accessRightsAcesso aberto
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-84866599897
unesp.campusUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Instituto de Biociências, Botucatupt
dc.identifier.file2-s2.0-84866599897.pdf
dc.relation.ispartofjcr0.511
dc.relation.ispartofsjr0,326
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