Evaluation of effect of cyclosporine A on the bone tissue with induced periodontal disease to ligature in rats
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The administration of cyclosporine A (CsA) has been associated with significant bone loss and increased bone remodeling. The present investigation was designed to evaluate the effects of CsA on alveolar bone of rats subjected to experimental periodontitis, using histomorphometric and histological analysis. Twenty-four rats were divided into groups with 6 animals each: 1, control; 2, rats with ligature around the lower first molars; 3, rats with ligature around the lower first molars and that were treated with 10 mg CsA/kg of body weight/d; and 4, rats treated with 10 mg CsA/kg of body weight/d. At the end of 30 days, rats were humanely killed and subjected to a histological processing, with analysis of the distance cemento-enamel junction and alveolar bone crest, bone area, eroded bone area, and cemento surface. All of them were assessed at the mesial region of the alveolar bone. The CsA therapy combined with ligature placement decreased bone area and increased the eroded bone area around the tooth surface. The results at the histological analysis showed the same combination and changes. Therefore, in spite of the lack of a direct effect on the alveolar bone height, the CsA therapy intensified the imbalance of the alveolar bone homeostasia in a rat model of experimental periodontitis. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.