Short periods of fasting followed by refeeding change the expression of muscle growth-related genes in juvenile Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)
MetadataShow full item record
Muscle growth mechanisms are controlled by molecular pathways that can be affected by fasting and refeeding. In this study, we hypothesized that short period of fasting followed by refeeding would change the expression of muscle growth-related genes in juvenile Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). The aim of this study was to analyze the expression of MyoD, myogenin and myostatin and the muscle growth characteristics in the white muscle of juvenile Nile tilapia during short period of fasting followed by refeeding. Juvenile fish were divided into three groups: (FC) control, feeding continuously for 42. days, (F5) 5. days of fasting and 37. days of refeeding, and (F10) 10. days of fasting and 32. days of refeeding. At days 5 (D5), 10 (D10), 20 (D20) and 42 (D42), fish (n = 14 per group) were anesthetized and euthanized for morphological, morphometric and gene expression analyses. During the refeeding, fasted fish gained weight continuously and, at the end of the experiment (D42), F5 showed total compensatory mass gain. After 5 and 10. days of fasting, a significant increase in the muscle fiber frequency (class 20) occurred in F5 and F10 compared to FC that showed a high muscle fiber frequency in class 40. At D42, the muscle fiber frequency in class 20 was higher in F5. After 5. days of fasting, MyoD and myogenin gene expressions were lower and myostatin expression levels were higher in F5 and F10 compared to FC; at D42, MyoD, myogenin and myostatin gene expression was similar among all groups. In conclusion, this study showed that short periods of fasting promoted muscle fiber atrophy in the juvenile Nile tilapia and the refeeding caused compensatory mass gain and changed the expression of muscle growth-related genes that promote muscle growth. These fasting and refeeding protocols have proven useful for understanding the effects of alternative warm fish feeding strategies on muscle growth-related genes. © 2013.
How to cite this document
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Dias da Silva, S. R. ; Gonçalves, Mauro (Electromyography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 2006) [Artigo]The objective of this study was to analyze the electromyographic (EMG) signal behavior of rectus femoris (RF), vastus medialis (VM), vastus lateralis (VL) and biceps femoris (caput longum) (BFCL) from nine women during ...
Mouse extensor digitorum longus and soleus show distinctive ultrastructural changes induced by veratrine Da Cruz Höfling, M. A.; Dal Pai Silva, M. ; Silva Freitas, E. M. (Journal of Submicroscopic Cytology and Pathology, 2002) [Artigo]We investigated whether veratrine (5 μl, 10 ng/kg) injected into the mouse extensor digitorum longus (EDL) (fast-twitch) and soleus (SOL) (slow-twitch) muscles provokes distinctive ultrastructural disturbances 15, 30 and ...
Histoenzymological and ultrastructural changes in lateral muscle fibers of Oreochromis niloticus (Teleostei: Cichlidae) after local injection of veratrine Silva Freitas, Erika Maria; Dal Pai Silva, Maeli ; Da Cruz-Höfling, Maria Alice (Histochemistry and Cell Biology, 2001) [Artigo]The effects of veratrine have been investigated in mammalian, amphibian, and crustacean muscle, but not in fish. In this work, the action of veratrine was studied in the lateral muscle of the freshwater teleost Oreochromis ...