Influence of the sample area in the variability of losses in the mechanical harvesting of soybeans

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Loureiro Júnior, Antônio M.
Da Silva, Rouverson P. [UNESP]
Cassia, Marcelo T. [UNESP]
Compagnon, Ariel M. [UNESP]
Voltarelli, Murilo A. [UNESP]

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The mechanical harvesting is an important stage in the production process of soybeans and, in this process; the loss of a significant number of grains is common. Despite the existence of mechanisms to monitor these losses, it is still essential to use sampling methods to quantify them. Assuming that the size of the sample area affects the reliability and variability between samples in quantifying losses, this paper aimed to analyze the variability and feasibility of using different sizes of sample area (1, 2 and 3 m2) in quantifying losses in the mechanical harvesting of soybeans. Were sampled 36 sites and the cutting losses, losses by other mechanisms of the combine and total losses were evaluated, as well as the water content in seeds, straw distribution and crop productivity. Data were subjected to statistical analysis (descriptive statistics and analysis of variance) and Statistical Control Process (SCP). The coefficients of variation were similar for the three frames available. Combine losses showed stable behavior, whereas cutting losses and total losses showed unstable behavior. The frame size did not affect the quantification and variability of losses in the mechanical harvesting of soybeans, thus a frame of 1 m2 can be used for determining losses.



Combine, Control charts, Statistical control process

Como citar

Engenharia Agricola, v. 34, n. 1, p. 74-85, 2014.