Use of Raman Spectroscopy and FT-IR to Characterize the Biochar in Yellow Oxisol of Central Amazonia

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2017-01-01

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Brazilian Chemical Soc

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The Amazonian Latosols are acidic soils shows low activity in clay minerals. However, it is also found anthropogenic soils known as Amazonian Dark Earth (EAD) that provides a potential to develop a sustainable system in agriculture. The majority of TPI soils show fragments of black carbon stemming from an anthropic activity. The presence of these fragments endows the improvements in the physic and chemical characteristics of the soil. In order to reproduce some characteristics of these anthropogenic soils, it is proposed to apply biochar (BC) in a dystrophic Yellow Oxisol in increasing doses from 0; 40; 80 and 120 t. ha(-1). The use of Spectroscopy FT-IR and Raman tools and technics can elucidate on the nature of the pyrolised biomass and likewise interfere on the fertility of the soil. Furthermore, it could clarify how the BC contributes to the increase of cation exchange capacity (CEC), the elucidation of its chemical characteristics and how it can act in the development of a sustainable agriculture model for the humid tropics. It was possible to observe that he FT-IR spectra were similar between the treatments and that the BC exhibits similar crystallinity to the carbons of Amazonian Dark Earth.

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Português

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Revista Virtual De Quimica. Niteroi: Brazilian Chemical Soc, v. 9, n. 5, p. 1996-2006, 2017.

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