SPATIAL UNCERTAINTY OF NUTRIENT LOSS BY EROSION IN SUGARCANE HARVESTING SCENARIOS
Mendonca, Patrcia Gabarra [UNESP]
Silva Junior, Joao Fernandes da [UNESP]
Oliveira, Ismenia Ribeiro de
Teixeira, Daniel De Bortoli [UNESP]
Moitinho, Mara Regina [UNESP]
Martins Filho, Marcilio Vieira [UNESP]
Marques Junior, Jose [UNESP]
Pereira, Gener Tadeu [UNESP]
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Soc Brasileira De Ciencia Do Solo
The assessment of spatial uncertainty in the prediction of nutrient losses by erosion associated with landscape models is an important tool for soil conservation planning. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the spatial and local uncertainty in predicting depletion rates of soil nutrients (P, K, Ca, and Mg) by soil erosion from green and burnt sugarcane harvesting scenarios, using sequential Gaussian simulation (SGS). A regular grid with equidistant intervals of 50 m (626 points) was established in the 200-ha study area, in Tabapua, Sao Paulo, Brazil. The rate of soil depletion (SD) was calculated from the relation between the nutrient concentration in the sediments and the chemical properties in the original soil for all grid points. The data were subjected to descriptive statistical and geostatistical analysis. The mean SD rate for all nutrients was higher in the slash-and-burn than the green cane harvest scenario (Student's t-test, p<0.05). In both scenarios, nutrient loss followed the order: Ca>Mg>K>P. The SD rate was highest in areas with greater slope. Lower uncertainties were associated to the areas with higher SD and steeper slopes. Spatial uncertainties were highest for areas of transition between concave and convex landforms.
green cane harvesting, burnt cane harvesting, geostatistics, landforms, sequential Gaussian simulation
Revista Brasileira De Ciencia Do Solo. Vicosa: Soc Brasileira De Ciencia Do Solo, v. 39, n. 4, p. 1181-1189, 2015.