Larviculture of the painted river prawn Macrobrachium carcinus in different culture systems

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Lima, João Paulo V.
Melo, Fabiana P.
Ferreira, Maria Gabriela P.
Flickinger, Dallas L. [UNESP]
Correia, Eudes S.

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The objective of this study was to evaluate different hatchery systems used for the larviculture of the Macrobrachium carcinus based on survival, larval development and production of post-larvae. The experimental culture was carried out in three phases designated as Phase I (Zoea VI to VIII – ZVI – VIII), Phase II (Zoea VIII to X – ZVIII – X), and Phase III (Zoea X to PL – ZX – PL), with densities of 30, 27.5 and 25 larvae / L, respectively. The M. carcinus larvae (ZVI) were reared in four culture systems, two being open (Greenwater – GW and Clearwater – CW) and two being closed (Biofloc – BFT and Bio-filter – RAS), distributed in twelve 10 L plastic containers, filled with 20 ppt brackish water, equipped with constant aeration, and water circulated by air lift and heated with thermostat (∼30 °C). The GW treatment was maintained with Chlorophyceae algae in the density of 3–5 × 105 cells/mL. In the CW, the water was previously filtered through a 5 μm mesh screen, sterilized with 10 ppm active chlorine and, dechlorinated with vitamin C and subjected to aeration for 24 h. The BFT received water rich in bioflocs that was matured prior to the experiment and used molasses as a source of organic carbon. In the RAS, the culture water circulated through an external “Dry-Wet” biological filter. The feeding was carried out ad libitum four times daily, alternating a wet diet formula with a commercial diet, which was supplemented with newly hatched Artemia nauplii at a rate of 40–50 per larvae/day. Temperature, dissolved oxygen and pH were monitored daily and the salinity two times per week. Total ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, orthophosphate, alkalinity, total suspended solids, chlorophyll-a, COD and BOD were also analyzed. The best water quality (P < 0.05) was obtained in the RAS, with 0.49 (±0.38), 0.23 (±0.22), and 9.0 (±1.5) mg/L of TAN, NO2-N and NO3-N, respectively. In the GW, the nitrogen species showed high fluctuations and higher concentrations at 2.32 (±1.68), 3.53 (±3.53) and 18.2 (±12.9) mg / L of TAN, NO2-N and NO3-N, respectively. Considering the three phases (ZVI – PL), the overall survival was 0.03, 1.97, 2.23 and 17.32 % for the BFT, CW, GW and RAS, respectively. When considering the phases separately, the survival in Phase I (ZVI – VIII) was highest in the GW system at 58.7 % while the RAS was the highest in Phases II (ZVIII – X) and III (ZX – PL) at 70.6 % and 60.3 %, respectively. The BFT showed 8.4 (±3.5) PL/L, which was higher (P < 0.05) than that obtained in the RAS (2.8 ± 1.2 PL/L) and the GW (1.3 ± 1.1 PL/L) and similar to that obtained in the CW (5.6 ± 2.0 PL/L). Thus, the larviculture for the M. carcinus may be optimized by adopting a multiphase management strategy, which the intermediate larval stages (ZVI – IX) are reared in the GW system and the final stages (ZX – PL) are reared in the BFT system.



Biofilter, Biofloc, Clearwater, Freshwater prawn, Greenwater, Larval survival

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Aquacultural Engineering, v. 92.