Potential of biohydrogen production from effluents of citrus processing industry using anaerobic bacteria from sewage sludge
Torquato, Lilian D.M. [UNESP]
Pachiega, Renan [UNESP]
Crespi, Marisa S. [UNESP]
Nespeca, Maurílio Gustavo [UNESP]
de Oliveira, José Eduardo [UNESP]
Maintinguer, Sandra I. [UNESP]
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Citrus crops are among the most abundant crops in the world, which processing is mainly based on juice extraction, generating large amounts of effluents with properties that turn them into potential pollution sources if they are improperly discarded. This study evaluated the potential for bioconversion of effluents from citrus-processing industry (wastewater and vinasse) into hydrogen through the dark fermentation process, by applying anaerobic sewage sludge as inoculum. The inoculum was previously heat treated to eliminate H2-consumers microorganisms and improve its activity. Anaerobic batch reactors were operated in triplicate with increasing proportions (50, 80 and 100%) of each effluent as substrate at 37 °C, pH 5.5. Citrus effluents had different effects on inoculum growth and H2 yields, demonstrated by profiles of acetic acid, butyric acid, propionic acid and ethanol, the main by-products generated. It was verified that there was an increase in the production of biogas with the additions of either wastewater (7.3, 33.4 and 85.3 mmol L−1) or vinasse (8.8, 12.7 and 13.4 mmol L−1) in substrate. These effluents demonstrated remarkable energetic reuse perspectives: 24.0 MJ m−3 and 4.0 MJ m−3, respectively. Besides promoting the integrated management and mitigation of anaerobic sludge and effluents from citrus industry, the biohydrogen production may be an alternative for the local energy supply, reducing the operational costs in their own facilities, while enabling a better utilization of the biological potential contained in sewage sludges.
Agroenergy, Anaerobic digestion, Biohydrogen production, Citrus waste, Sewage sludge, Waste valorization
Waste Management, v. 59, p. 181-193.