Highly selective 1-butanol obtained from ethanol catalyzed by mixed metal oxides: Reaction optimization and catalyst structure behavior

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2019-10-01

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Coorientador

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Synthesis and characterization of a copper mixed metal oxide obtained from hydrotalcite precursor as well as catalytic runs for ethanol conversion to 1-butanol are described. Applying the surface response model, the reaction was optimized reaching an ethanol conversion of 79.6% into gaseous phase (69% of yield) and condensed phase (31% of yield) products using a batch reactor at 350 °C for 5 h. The main product of the condensed phase was 1-butanol with 25.4% yield and 32% selectivity, these results being among the higher ones reported for this reaction in the literature. Recycling catalyst experiments demonstrated that, for at least four cycles, the ethanol conversion remains almost constant but the 1-butanol yield and selectivity both decreased. XRD, EPR, surface area measurements and acidity/basicity experiments carried out after the first and fourth catalyst recycling cycles show major modifications in the initial mixed metal oxide structure and copper oxidation state indicating that the active catalytic species increases during the first catalytic run.

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Inglês

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Molecular Catalysis, v. 476.

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