The influence of elastic modulus of inlay materials on stress distribution and fracture of premolars

Nenhuma Miniatura disponível
Costa, A. K.F. [UNESP]
Xavier, T. A.
Noritomi, P. Y.
Saavedra, G. [UNESP]
Borges, A. L.S. [UNESP]
Título da Revista
ISSN da Revista
Título de Volume
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence the width of the occlusal isthmus and inlay material had on the stress distribution, displacement, and fracture resistance of upper human premolars. For this in vitro test, 35 intact upper premolars (UPM) were selected and five were kept intact for the control group (group I). The remaining 30 were divided into two experimental groups (n=15) according to the width of isthmus: conservative (CP) and extensive preparation (EP), one third and more than two thirds of cuspal distance, respectively. Five teeth from each experimental group were left without restoration for negative controls (CPnc and EPnc), and the remaining 10 in each group were subdivided according to the inlay material (resin or ceramic): group CPr, CP + indirect resin; group CPc, CP + ceramic; group EPr, EP + indirect resin; and group EPc, EP + ceramic. The cemented inlays were loaded in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until fracture. The fractured specimens were analyzed with stereomicroscopy, and the values of the fracture resistance evaluated by analysis of variance and Tukey test. For the finite element analyses, an average UPM for each group was modeled in Rhinoceros CAD software and imported to Ansys 13.0. An average of 320,000 tetrahedral elements and 540,000 nodes for the seven models were performed using the same experimental simulation setup for each. The models were constrained on the base, and a displacement of 0.02 mm was applied to keep a linear behavior for the analysis. A von Mises stress and total displacement fields were used for the coherence test and the maximum principal stress fields were used for mechanical behavior comparisons. Group I (161.73 ± 22.94) showed a significantly higher mean value than the other experimental groups (EPc: 103.55 ± 15.84; CPc: 94.38 ± 12.35; CPr: 90.31 ± 6.10; EPr: 65.42 ± 10.15; CPnc: 65.46 ± 5.37; EPnc: 58.08 ± 9.62). The stress distribution was different in all of the groups. EPnc showed a higher concentration of tensile stress on the cervical region of the proximal box. CPc and EPc provided a lower tensile stress and a smaller cuspal displacement. Within the limits of this study, the configuration of the inlay preparation is a significant factor in the fracture resistance of premolars: the smaller the amount of remaining tooth, the lower the fracture resistance. In addition, the teeth restored with ceramic materials showed a higher fracture resistance than those restored with composite resin. ©Operative Dentistry, 2014.
Como citar
Operative Dentistry, v. 39, n. 4, 2014.