Diagnosis of gastrointestinal parasites in cats: A comparison of different methodologies
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De Souza Ribeiro, Érica [UNESP]
Do Amarante, Alessandro Francisco Talamini [UNESP]
Serrano, Anna Claudia Marques [UNESP]
Táparo, Cilene Vidovix [UNESP]
Pierucci, Julia Cestari [UNESP]
De Matos, Lucas Vinicius Shigaki [UNESP]
Ishizaki, Mirian Naomi [UNESP]
Bresciani, Katia Denise Saraiva [UNESP]
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We evaluated the effectiveness of the Willis-Mollay, Faust, sedimentation and direct test methods for diagnosing endoparasitic diseases in 198 domestic cats. Comparisons between these techniques were made using the chi-square test (?2) and Cochran's Q-test. No infection was detected in 47 (23.7%) out of the 198 cats examined. Ancylostoma spp. proved to be the most important parasite in cats, occurring in 129 animals (65.2%), followed by Cystoisospora spp. in 61 (30.8%), Dipylidium caninum in 18 (9.1%), Toxocara cati in 9 (4.5%), Taenia spp. in 9 (4.5%), Sarcocystis spp. in 2 (1.0%) and Giardia spp. in 2 (1.0%). No association was noticed between the parasites diagnosed and the variables of breed, gender and age of the animals examined (P > 0.05). The Willis technique showed the highest effectiveness in diagnosing Ancylostoma spp. (76 cases; 45.5%), while the direct test had the least effectiveness (49 cases; 29.3%). The Willis and Faust techniques were superior for detecting Cystoisospora spp. and showed the same positivity (30 cases; 18.0%). Most of the Dipylidium caninum cases were diagnosed by means of the sedimentation technique (14 cases; 8.4%). We recommend that the Willis and sedimentation techniques should be used in association for diagnosing' gastrointestinal parasites in cats.
Cats, Helminths, Parasitological techniques, Protozoa
Acta Veterinaria Brasilica, v. 9, n. 4, p. 381-385, 2015.