Doxazosin reduces cell proliferation and increases collagen fibers in rat prostatic lobes

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We investigated the effects of doxazosin (Dox), an alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist used clinically for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), on the rat prostatic complex by assessing structural parameters, collagen fiber content, cell proliferation, and apoptosis. Adult Wistar rats were treated with Dox (25 mg/kg per day), and the ventral (VP), dorsolateral, and anterior prostate (AP) regions of the prostate complex were excised at 3, 7, and 30 days after treatment. At 24 h before being killed, the rats were injected once with 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU; thymidine analog) to label mitotically active cells. The prostates were weighed and processed for histochemistry, morphometry-stereology, immunohistochemistry for BrdU, Western blotting for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and the TUNEL reaction for apoptosis. Dox-treated prostate lobes at day 3 presented increased weight, an enlarged ductal lumen, low cubical epithelial cells, reduced epithelial folds, and stretched smooth muscle cells. However, at day 30, the prostates exhibited a weight reduction of ∼20% and an increased area of collagen and reticular fibers in the stromal space. Dox also reduced epithelial cell proliferation and increased apoptosis in the three prostatic lobes. Western blotting for PCNA confirmed the reduction of cell proliferation by Dox, with the AP and VP being more affected than the dorsal prostate. Thus, Dox treatment alters epithelial cell behavior and prostatic tissue mechanical demand, inducing tissue remodeling in which collagen fibers assume a major role. © 2007 Springer-Verlag.



Apoptosis, Cell proliferation, Collagen, Doxazosin, Prostate, Rat (Wistar, adult), Smooth muscle cell, collagen fiber, cycline, doxazosin mesylate, animal experiment, animal tissue, apoptosis, cell proliferation, controlled study, histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, male, morphometrics, nick end labeling, nonhuman, priority journal, prostate, prostate epithelium, prostate hypertrophy, protein determination, rat, smooth muscle fiber, stereology, Western blotting, Wistar rat, Animals, Body Weight, Cell Proliferation, Epithelial Cells, In Situ Nick-End Labeling, Male, Organ Size, Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Rattus, Rattus norvegicus

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Cell and Tissue Research, v. 332, n. 1, p. 171-183, 2008.