ROLE OF LATERAL HYPOTHALAMUS ON FLUID, ELECTROLYTE, AND CARDIOVASCULAR-RESPONSES TO ACTIVATION OF THE MSA

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1994-02-01

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Coorientador

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Amer Physiological Soc

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In this study we investigated the influence of electrolytic lesion or of opioid agonist injections into the lateral hypothalamus (LH) on the dipsogenic, natriuretic, kaliuretic, antidiuretic, presser, and bradycardic effects of cholinergic stimulation of the medial septal area (MSA) in rats. Sham- and LH-lesioned male Holtzman rats received a stainless steel cannula implanted into the LH. Other groups of rats had cannulas implanted simultaneously into the MSA and LH. Carbachol (2 nmol) injection into the MSA induced water intake, presser, and bradycardic responses. LH lesion reduced all of these effects (1-3 and 15-18 days). Previous injection of synthetic opiate agonist, FK-33824 (100 ng), into the LH reduced the water intake, natriuresis, kaliuresis, and presser responses induced by carbachol injected into the MSA. These data show that both electrolytic lesion or injection of an opiate agonist in the LH reduces the fluid-electrolyte and cardiovascular responses to cholinergic activation of the MSA. The involvement of LH with central excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms related to fluid-electrolytic and cardiovascular control is suggested.

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Inglês

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American Journal of Physiology. Bethesda: Amer Physiological Soc, v. 266, n. 2, p. R496-R502, 1994.

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