Application of Tissue Engineering in Manufacturing Absorbable Membranes to Improve the Osteopromoting Potential of Collagen

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2023-01-01

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The membranes are an important biomaterial that contribute to osteopromotion. This study aimed to evaluate the osteopromotive potential of collagen membranes associated with Hydroxyapatite (HA) in critical size calvaria rat’s defects. Ninety-six Albinus Wistar rats were divided into four groups: (CG) negative control: clot only (CG); positive control: porcine collagen membrane (BG); fish collagen membrane associated with HA (CP); bovine collagen membrane associated with HA (CB), analyzed at 7, 15, 30, and 60 postoperative days. At 30 days, membrane integrity was observed in the CB and fragments in the CP and BG groups were dispersed in the center of the defect. At 60 days, BG demonstrated better results with no statistical difference for the CP group (p = 0.199) and a statistically significant difference for the CB group (p = 0.013). The inflammatory profiles of the BG and CP groups were similar. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated at 60 days moderate osteopontin staining for the BG and CP groups, light staining for the CB, and intense osteocalcin staining for the BG, while the CB and CP groups demonstrated moderate staining. Microtomography revealed the highest mean bone volume (14.247 mm3) in the BG, followed by the CB (11.850 mm3), and CP (9.560 mm3) group. The collagen membranes associated with HA demonstrated an osteopromotive potential.

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Bioengineering, v. 10, n. 1, 2023.

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