Experimental infection of pregnant queens with two major Brazilian clonal lineages of Toxoplasma gondii

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Sakamoto, Claudio A. M. [UNESP]
da Costa, Alvimar J. [UNESP]
Gennari, Solange M.
Pena, Hilda F. J.
Toniollo, Gilson Hélio [UNESP]
Lopes, Welber D. Z. [UNESP]
Bichuette, Murilo A. [UNESP]
Betini, Cristiane M. [UNESP]
Amarante, Alessandro Francisco Talamini do [UNESP]
Bresciani, Katia Denise Saraiva [UNESP]
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Toxoplasma gondii isolates from Brazil are biologically and genetically different from European and North America isolates. Recently, four genotypes were considered the common clonal lineages in Brazil and were designated as types BrI, BrII, BrIII, and BrIV. The pathogenicity of two major Brazilian lineages was investigated after oral inoculation of queens in the middle third of their pregnancies with T. gondii cysts. Twelve pregnant queens without T. gondii antibodies were distributed in group A (infected with a type BrI isolate); group 2 (infected with type BrIII isolate), and group 3 (non-infected control). Infection with type BrI isolate caused toxoplasmosis manifestations and abortion from one litter. Toxoplasmosis manifestations besides premature stillbirth of one litter were observed in queens infected with type BrIII isolate. Indirect fluorescence antibody test showed T. gondii antibodies in all eight infected queens at 30 days after inoculation. In two 10-day-old kittens of the same litter (group 1), titers of 16 and 64 were detected. At the same time, titers of 16, 32, and 32 were detected in three kittens from the same litter (group 2). Experimental infection with tissue cysts from a type BrI and type BrIII isolates of T. gondii developed similar reproductive disturbance in primary infected pregnant queens.
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Parasitology Research. New York: Springer, v. 105, n. 5, p. 1311-1316, 2009.