Protective effects of spray-dried açaí (Euterpe oleracea Mart) fruit pulp against initiation step of colon carcinogenesis
Romualdo, Guilherme Ribeiro [UNESP]
Fragoso, Mariana Franco [UNESP]
Borguini, Renata Galhardo
de Araújo Santiago, Manuela Cristina Pessanha
Fernandes, Ana Angélica Henrique [UNESP]
Barbisan, Luis Fernando [UNESP]
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The present study aims to evaluate whether açaí (Euterpe oleracea Mart) fruit pulp powder (AP) feeding attenuates the initiation step of chemically-induced mouse colon carcinogenesis. Male Swiss mice were fed low fat diet containing 2.5% or 5.0% of AP (weeks 1 to 4) produced by a spray-drying system. All groups received an intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of colon carcinogen azoxymethane (AOM, 15 mg/kg of body weight) at week 3. After the first administration of carcinogen, blood samples were collected to perform Single Cell Gel Electrophoresis Assay. Some mice were euthanized at week 3 (n = 5 mice/group) and liver samples were collected for immunohistochemical and glutathione analysis. Othermice received a second i.p. injection of AOM at week 4 and were fed a high-fat diet to accelerate the development of preneoplastic aberrant crypt foci (ACF) until week 14 (n = 10 mice/group). Cyanidin 3-glucoside and cyanidin 3-rutinoside, lutein, a-carotene and ß-carotene were identified as the main anthocyanins and carotenoids in AP, respectively. At week 3, both dietary AP interventions (2.5% or 5.0%) reduced (p < 0.001) peripheral blood cell DNA damage induced by AOM. Moreover, dietary 5.0% AP increased (p = 0.002) hepatic total glutathione. At week 14, 5.0% AP intake reduced (p < 0.05) ACFmultiplicity. The findings indicate that AP feeding attenuates chemically-induced mouse colon carcinogenesis by increasing total GSH and attenuating DNA damage and preneoplastic lesion development.
Azoxymethane, Açaí (Euterpe oleracea Mart.), Colon carcinogenesis, DNA damage, Male Swiss mice
Food Research International, v. 77, p. 432-440.