Study of Bacillus spp. strains used in the production of gamma-polyglutamic acid in submerged culture

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2020-06-01

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Univ Putra Malaysia Press

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Gamma-polyglutamic (gamma-polyglutamic) acid has received considerable attention for environmental applications. gamma-polyglutamic acid can be produced by fermenting soybeans and by submerged culture using the bacterium Bacillus subtilis. Although it is practically impossible to chemically synthesise gamma-polyglutamic acid, this biopolymer can be obtained through microbial culture. The microorganism most commonly used in the production of gamma-polyglutamic acid, among other strains, is B. subtilis, which has been investigated for the production of biopolymers. The purpose of the present work was to evaluate the production of gamma-polyglutamic acid from submerged culture of different Bacillus strains. The evaluation of the efficiency of Bacillus strains in producing gamma-polyglutamic acid indicated that B. licheniformis produced a higher volume of the biopolymer than B. subtilis. The highest gamma-polyglutamic acid production by B. licheniformis was 398.1 mg L-1. B. licheniformis was found to be an L-glutamic acid-independent bacterium for the production of gamma-polyglutamic acid. B. licheniformis and B. subtilis growth and gamma-polyglutamic acid production rates were also influenced by the culture media. (c) All Rights Reserved

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International Food Research Journal. Selangor: Univ Putra Malaysia Press, v. 27, n. 3, p. 427-434, 2020.

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