Valores normativos de aptidão funcional em mulheres de 70 a 79 anos

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2007-12-01

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The aim of this study was to develop reference values for normality for specific components (flexibility; coordination; agility and balance; strength; and aerobic capacity) and overall functional fitness (OFF), in 70 to 79-year-old women. The sample comprised 175 older women resident in either Florianópolis, SC or Rio Claro, SP, both in Brazil. Subjects had all been participating in structured and supervised physical activities on a regular basis for the previous six months. Specific components were assessed by means of the AAHPERD battery of tests. This battery comprises five motor tests designed to measure the six elements of functional fitness described previously. Percentilescores were calculated from raw scores for each of the tests and the sum of percentiles was used as the OFF index. The 20th, 40th, 60th and 80th percentiles were taken as limits for classifying both the components and the OFF as very weak; weak; fair; good or very good, respectively. Tests results for each of the components of functional fitness varied within the calculated range of percentiles adopted for classification. Scores above 14.5 or below 10.1 seconds for coordination; less than 17 or more than 25 repetitions for strength; less than 49 or more than 71 centimeters for flexibility; above 28.9 or below 22.7 seconds for agility and dynamic balance; and above 601 or below 504 seconds for aerobic capacity were classified as very weak or very good, respectively. Similarly, the sum of percentiles of all tests lower than 100 or higher than 399 were classified as very weak or very good overall functional fitness, respectively. The reference values developed by this study should help professionals to better evaluate, prescribe and supervise physical activities for the elderly.

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Inglês

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Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano, v. 9, n. 1, p. 28-36, 2007.

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