End-of-life experience and its toll on quality of life and spirituality: A cross-sectional study

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2021-07-02

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Background: Breast and cervical/uterine cancer affect body parts that have symbolic meaning for women.Women with this diagnosis at the end-of-life often experience anxiety and depression that severely impacts their quality of life (QoL). Aims: This study aims to determine how the end-of-life experience impacts on the QoL and spirituality of women with advanced cancer. Methods: End-of-life patients and their caregivers were evaluated regarding religious and spiritual coping, depression and self-efficacy. Caregivers were interviewed regarding patients’ QoL at the end-of-life. A spearman correlation test was used to evaluate correlation between variables. Findings: Several dimensions of positive religious and spiritual coping stood out for patients at the end of life. However, patients often experienced a negative revaluation of God. Patients reported experiencing low self-efficacy, depression and high levels of stress.The length of hospital stay, time spent in intensive care units and depression also correlated to the amount of worry and stress a patient experienced. Conclusions: The end-of-life patients had a poor quality of life, and experienced depression, but also used spiritual beliefs and religion as a means of coping with their end-of-life experience.

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International Journal of Palliative Nursing, v. 27, n. 5, p. 263-273, 2021.

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