Dipolar Bose-Einstein condensate in a ring or in a shell

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2012-05-22

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We study properties of a trapped dipolar Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in a circular ring or a spherical shell using the mean-field Gross-Pitaevskii equation. In the case of the ring-shaped trap we consider different orientations of the ring with respect to the polarization direction of the dipoles. In the presence of long-range anisotropic dipolar and short-range contact interactions, the anisotropic density distribution of the dipolar BEC in both traps is discussed in detail. The stability condition of the dipolar BEC in both traps is illustrated in a phase plot of dipolar and contact interactions. We also study and discuss the properties of a vortex dipolar BEC in these traps. © 2012 American Physical Society.

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Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, v. 85, n. 5, 2012.

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