Effect of sequential medium with fibroblast growth factor-10 and follicle stimulating hormone on in vitro development of goat preantral follicles

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2015-01-01

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Elsevier B.V.

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A sequential medium with fibroblast growth factor-10 (FGF-10) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) was evaluated on the survival, ultrastructure, activation and growth rate of caprine preantral follicles submitted to long-term culture, aiming to establish an ideal in vitro culture system. Ovarian fragments were cultured for 16 days in alpha-MEM alone or supplemented with FGF-10 and/or FSH added sequentially on different days of culture. Ovarian fragments were cultured during the first (days 0-8) and second (days 8-16) halves of the culture period, generating 10 treatments: alpha-MEW+/alpha-MEM+ (cultured control), FSH/FSH, FSH/FGF-10, FSH/FSH + FGF-10, FGF-10/FGF-10, FGF-10/FSH, FGF-10/FSH + FGF-10, FSH + FGF-10/FSH + FGF-10, FSH + FGF-10/FSH and FSH + FGF-10/FGF-10. Follicle morphology, viability and ultrastructure were analyzed. The FSH/FGF-10 treatment showed a higher (P < 0.05) percentage of normal follicles compared to all other treatments. In addition, follicles from the FSH/FGF-10 treatment maintained ultrastructural integrity after the culture period. After 16 days of culture, the FSH/FGF-10 and FSH/FSH treatments showed a higher percentage of activation compared to the cultured control (alpha-MEW+/alpha-MEM+). Moreover, the FSH/FGF-10 treatment promoted greater follicular and oocyte diameters compared to the fresh control. In conclusion, this study showed that a sequential medium with FSH followed by FGF-10 (FSH/FGF-10 and FSH/FSH) maintains follicular viability and ultrastructure and promotes transition from the primordial to primary stage (activation) and growth in goat preantral follicles cultured in vitro.

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Animal Reproduction Science. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Bv, v. 152, p. 32-38, 2015.

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