Constrained Direct Optimisation of the Geometrical Parameters of a Twisted-Tape for Laminar Flow in a Circular Tube

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2021-01-01

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Coorientador

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Increasing heat transfer in heat exchangers remains an important research topic for industrial and residential applications. The usage of passive techniques remains a reference due to the lower costs, however, increasing the heat transfer in laminar flow with low-pressure loss remains a challenge. The objective of this paper is to perform a constrained optimisation of a twisted-tape inside a circular tube at low Reynolds number. Twisted tape pitch (P), length (L), translate (T), and twisted tape radius (R1 and R2) were submitted to optimisation. The flow is steady-state, laminar and incompressible. The NSGA-II is the method used for the optimisation procedure. The optimisation process found an optimal twisted-tape geometry with an asymmetric shape for both Reynolds numbers, corresponding to a global heat transfer increase of approximately 90% for Reynolds number 300 and 170% for Reynolds number 600, while for symmetric twisted-tape with ratio 4 (R4) is 57% and 52%, respectively.

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International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics.

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