Molecular detection of Apicomplexan hemoparasites in anurans from Brazil

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de Abreu Reis Ferreira, Daniel [UNESP]
Perles, Lívia [UNESP]
Machado, Rosangela Zacarias [UNESP]
Prado, Cynthia P. A. [UNESP]
André, Marcos Rogério [UNESP]
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Amphibians are among the most threatened vertebrate groups in the world, and the main causes include climate change, habitat destruction, and emerging diseases. Herein, we investigated the occurrence and characterized molecularly Apicomplexa in anurans from southeastern Brazil. Forty individuals from seven anuran species were sampled in São Paulo state. In the molecular analyses, one Leptodactylus latrans and one Rhinella diptycha were positive in PCR assays for species of Hepatozoon. Two L. latrans were also positive for coccidian infections (Lankesterella sp. and an unidentified coccidian species). Phylogenetic analysis based on 18S rDNA clustered the sequences detected in anurans from the present study with Hepatozoon spp. detected in reptiles and other anurans from Brazil, albeit they were separate from Hepatozoon haplotypes detected in frogs from Africa and North America. Our study showed, for the first time, the molecular detection of Lankesterella sp. and another coccidian in L. latrans. Additionally, co-infection by different species of Hepatozoon haplotypes and an unidentified coccidian in anurans from Brazil was documented.
18S rDNA, Amphibian, Coccidian, Hepatozoon, Lankesterella
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Parasitology Research.