Effect of thermal cycling on fracture toughness of CAD/CAM materials

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2018-08-01

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Purpose: To compare the fracture toughness of four different CAD/CAM materials, (VM) Vitablocs Mark II, (IP) IPS e.max CAD, (LU) LAVA Ultimate, and (VE) Vita Enamic under long thermocycling conditions. Methods: Each type of ceramic block was sectioned into beams (n=9) with dimensions of 14x3x2.5 mm (L x W x H). All four ceramics were submitted to different conditions: The desiccator or distilled water, each for 7 days. The third and fourth conditions involved the specimens being submitted to 60,000 and 120,000 thermocycles in water respectively. The dwelling time was 52 seconds at 5° and 55°C. A three-point bend test with a universal loading machine on notched samples was performed. Furthermore, a fractographic analyses was made by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to determine if any of these conditions influenced the type of fracture. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA (α= 0.05). Results: A significant difference in fracture toughness (P< 0.05) was found among the groups; IP (4.20±1.23) had the highest value followed by VE (2.02±0.39), which did not have a statistically significant difference from LU (1.96±0.42). The lower value and statistical difference for VM was 1.52±0.35. The ceramics performed better after they were hydrated, while the polymer- based materials had the fracture toughness means decreased after the thermocycles.

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Inglês

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American Journal of Dentistry, v. 31, n. 4, p. 205-210, 2018.

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