On Thermodynamically Consistent Quasiparticle Model at Finite Chemical Potential †

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2023-01-01

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We explore the quasiparticle model at the finite chemical potential related to Ru-Keng Su’s distinguished contributions to the topic. In addition, we discuss the recent developments in the model, and in particular, one argues that the effective mass of the quasiparticle might attain a specific form as a function of momentum, in addition to its dependence on the temperature and chemical potential. Unlike the approaches based on the properties of underlying symmetry or the renormalization group, the momentum dependence emerges as a special solution to an integro-differential equation resulting from the underlying thermodynamic consistency. Moreover, this special solution to the problem is shown to be more general than previously explored in the literature. Instead of fitting to the lattice QCD data at the vanishing chemical potential, in this work, we adopt a “bottom-up” approach by assuming some analytic ansatzes that are manifestly thermodynamically consistent. The remaining physical quantities are subsequently derived, and possible implications are also addressed.

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equation of state, hydrodynamics, quasiparticle

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Symmetry, v. 15, n. 1, 2023.

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